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使用OpenSSL创建自签名证书在Domino中使用

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本帖最后由 佘星星 于 2020-10-2 21:55 编辑

原文地址:https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz ... 57756&lang=zh_CN#rd


​    SSL,哦,不,现在统一叫做TLS,是Web服务的标配,就像金立M2017是成功人士的标配——虽然比喻有差池,但主要是想说明TLS的重要性,都2017年了,谁还不用个TLS来加密数据呢?你不加密,手机和浏览器都不让你用!


    从Domino 9.0.1 FP3 IF2版本起,就支持TLS 1.2加密协议通讯,同时也支持SHA2加密方式。当然Domino不仅仅可以在HTTP中使用到TLS 1.2,也会可以在POP3、IMAP、SMTP和LDAP中进行使用。

    要实现TLS协议加密,当然,还是先要下载OpenSSL免费软件,专业证书制作。如果您是土豪,下载的时候,别忘了给OpenSSL捐献一点,毕竟免费的软件,现在活着也艰难啊。地址是:https://slproweb.com/products/Win32OpenSSL.html,顺便说一下,下载最小的Win32OpenSSL_Light-1_1_0e.exe即可。
25.png
    下载好了就双击安装,不要在服务器上安装,随便找到台PC就可以,安装完成后,默认的路径是C:\OpenSSL-Win32,其中在C:\OpenSSL-Win32\bin目录下有一个openssl.cfg文件,需要设置为环境变量,这样可以让OpenSSL命令正确执行,设置方法是在CMD中运行命令
SET OPENSSL_CONF=c:\OpenSSL-Win32\bin\openssl.cfg,简单,完美!
26.png
1、生成RSA非对称密钥对
    设置好了后,继续使用CMD窗口命令,进入到C:\OpenSSL-Win32\bin目录,而后运行命令openssl genrsa -out server.key 4096创建4096位字符的非对称加密的密钥对,这里的名称叫做server.key,如下图
27.png

2、使用密钥对文件来产生证书认证请求文件
    继续在CMD窗口中,输入命令openssl req -new -sha256 -key server.key -out server.csr,就会产生一个证书认证请求文件server.csr,在此命令执行过程中,需要用户手动输入一些参数,比如国别码、省名、公司名等等,最重要的还是common Name,可以写服务器的Internet主机名,比如www.cn.ibm.com,也可以使用通配符,如*.cn.ibm.com,使用通配符主机名,可以使用到企业中所有的服务器上。
29.png

3、创建自签名证书

可以采用自签名证书对到第三方?当然得花钱,别人第三方为了让各种浏览器认,也花了不少银子,最后都得从你这出,是不?所以我们这里将会用到自签名证书进行签名。那么接下来:

    还是使用Openssl,但请注意,因为安全关系,现在md5、sha1都不让用了,只能使用sha2(提示:SHA-224、SHA-256、SHA-384,和SHA-512并称为SHA-2),Openssl默认可能使用sha1,所以加上-sha256,请执行命令
openssl x509 -req -days 3650 -sha256 -in server.csr -signkey server.key -out server.pem
28.png

    该命令即使用密钥对和请求文件创建了一个为期10年有效的自签名证书。

4、 创建新的秘钥环文件
  好了,终于轮到Domino登场了,但等等,这回可不是Domino自身来创建,而是采用一款工具KyrTool,它是随着Domino 9一起发布的,它可以创建密钥环文件、也可以合并和检验证书等。以前还可以免费下载,现在可能需要更多条件。可以到https://www-945.ibm.com/support/ ... =1470642538https://进行下载。
    下载后将KyrTool解压后的KyrTool.exe放到Notes或Domino服务器的程序目录下,因为它的运行需要依赖Notes或Domino程序目录中的几个dll文件。
    本例将KyrTool.exe拷贝到Domino的程序路径中,如下图
30.png
    在CMD中进入到Domino的安装路径下,执行命令
kyrtool =notes.ini create -k server.kyr -p password,这样就可以创建秘钥环文件server.kyr了,如下图
31.png
5、RSA非对称密钥对server.key和自签名证书都合并到秘钥环文件中
5.1 将非对称密钥对server.key 和自签名证书server.pem都放到一个文本文件中
    新建一个文本文件,比如server.txt,而后server.key和server.pem都可以使用记事本打开,而后把里面的字符拷贝出来,放到server.txt中:
第一段是server.key秘钥字符;
32.png
第二段是自签名证书字符;
33.png
5.2 验证server.txt文本中的秘钥字符和证书
将server.txt拷贝到Domino的数据目录中如c:\ibm\domino\data,,然后执行命令kyrtool =notes.ini verify c:\ibm\domino\data\server.txt
34.png
5.3 将秘钥字符和证书合并到秘钥环文件中
执行命令
kyrtool =notes.ini import all -k c:\ibm\domino\data\server.kyr -i c:\ibm\domino\data\server.txt
35.png
5.4 验证一下秘钥环文件中的密钥
执行命令kyrtool =notes.ini show keys -k c:\ibm\domino\data\server.kyr
36.png

5.4 验证一下秘钥环文件中的证书
执行命令kyrtool =notes.ini show certs -k c:\ibm\domino\data\server.kyr
37.png

6、在Domino服务器中配置证书
    先确保server.kyr和server.sth文件都位于Domino的数据目录下,如下图
38.png
    而后编辑Domino服务器文档,在服务器文档中的“Ports”->“Internet Pots"中,在SSL key file name中输入”server.kyr“,密钥环文件名称;而后在下面的”web“选项卡中的”SSL Port Status“中选择”Enable“即可。
39.png
配置过程结束,要使之迅速生效,可以在Domino服务器控制台上输入tell http quit,等待http任务结束之后,再输入load http加载http任务。
41.png

现在从浏览器中访问看一下
42.png

43.png
        大功告成。




40.png
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活跃会员热心会员灌水之王最佳新人

发表于 2020-10-1 22:19:06 | 显示全部楼层
KyrTool 现在已经无法下载了...
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 楼主| 发表于 2020-10-2 11:01:39 | 显示全部楼层
Clark 发表于 2020-10-1 22:19
KyrTool 现在已经无法下载了...

据我所知,安装V11后以上,自带kyrtool工具,另外我们的论坛的资源下载里。。。有。
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发表于 2020-10-11 13:06:56 | 显示全部楼层
李建 发表于 2020-10-2 11:01
据我所知,安装V11后以上,自带kyrtool工具,另外我们的论坛的资源下载里。。。有。
...

谢谢!
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发表于 2020-12-4 01:43:56 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 Clark 于 2020-12-4 01:47 编辑

已按照教程实现了https
运行如上命令后,生成CSR时会要求填入以下信息:

Country Name (2 letter code) []:CN                                              // 输入国家代码,中国填写 CN
State or Province Name (full name) []:HangZhou                        // 输入省份,这里填写 HangZhou
Locality Name (eg, city) []:HangZhou                                           // 输入城市,我们这里也填写 HangZhou
Organization Name (eg, company) []:tbj                                      // 输入组织机构(或公司名,我这里随便写个tbj)
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:tbj                               // 输入机构部门
Common Name (eg, fully qualified host name) []:*.abc.com        // 输入域名,我这边是 (*.abc.com)  
Email Address []:tugenhua0707@qq.com                                    // 你的邮箱地址

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []:123456                                                  // 你的证书密码,如果不想设置密码,可以直接回车


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